‘Iolani Palace was the official residence of both King Kalākaua and Queen Lili‘uokalani. The cornerstone for ‘Iolani Palace was laid on December 31, 1879 with full Masonic rites. Construction was completed in 1882; in December of that year King Kalākaua and Queen Kapi‘olani took up residence in their new home.
After the overthrow of the monarchy, ‘Iolani Palace became the government headquarters (Executive Building) for the Provisional Government, Republic, Territory and State of Hawai‘i. It was during that time that the Palace served as a government office building, and for a while it also had a less that regal appearance. At the turn of the century, during 1900, the Territorial government took over control of Hawai‘i. Temporary extensions were added to ‘Iolani Palace to accommodate more offices.