“During the reign of Lunalilo a mutiny occurred among the Household Guard.” Lunalilo disbanded the Household Troops and the kingdom was left without any regular organized military force. During the election riot of 1874 (Kalākaua v Queen Emma,) “No dependence could be placed on the police nor on the Hawaiian Guards; these had proved unfaithful to their duties to preserve order, and had in some cases joined the partisans of Queen Emma in their riotous actions.” “The only alternative, in this emergency, was to seek aid from the (American) war vessels in port.” Then, the newly-elected king, Kalākaua, restored the army, and named it the Household Guard.
In 1893, the Kingdom’s force strength was 496 (272 at the barracks and 224 at the Police station.) Then, “Queen Lili‘uokalani attempted on Saturday, Jan 14 (1893,) to promulgate a new Constitution … This was resisted by the foreign element of the community, which at once appointed a committee of safety of thirteen members; they had about 200 of the old Honolulu Rifles besides from 400 to 600 citizens that would shoulder a gun if it became necessary. The Committee of Safety also wrote to American Minister John L Stevens noting “the public safety is menaced and lives and property are in peril, and we appeal to you and the United States forces at your command for assistance.” “(A) small force of marines and sailors was landed from the United States ship Boston, as a precautionary step for the protection of American life and property”.