Her Majesty Lydia Liliu Loloku Walania Wewehi KamakaehaaKapaakea, Our beloved Queen Liliʻuokalani
Ua hānau ‘ia ma ka lā ‘elua o Kepakemapa, makahiki ‘umikumamāwalukanakolukumamāwalu
Poni ‘ia Ka Mō‘ī Wahine O Hawai‘i ma ka lā iwakāluakumamāiwa o Ianuari, makahiki ‘umikumamāwalukanaiwakumamākahi
Ua moe kau a ho‘oilo ma ka lā ‘umikumamākahi o Nowemapa, makahiki ‘umikumamāiwa‘umikumamāhiku
Ola mau ka Mō‘ī Wahine aloha ma nā pu‘uwai ‘onipa‘a o kāna po‘e aloha!
Born September 2, 1838
Invested as Queen Monarch of Hawaii on January 29, 1891
Entered into eternal sleep on November 11, 1917
Our Queen lives forever in the steadfast hearts of her cherished people!
(Plaque at The Spirit of Liliʻuokalani)
In 1975, the Hawai‘i State Legislature in Act 173: found “that the state capitol should exemplify and symbolize the character and spirit of Hawaiʻi, its past, its present and its future.
It further found, “that the representation of the monarchy in the state capital will bring to the people of the State, and our many visitors, increased awareness, and a permanent reminder of the people who played important roles in the development of Hawaiʻi”.
As such, “The Spirit of Liliuokalani (is) to be placed for permanent display at the state capitol.” (Legislature)
‘The Spirit of Liliuokalani,’ as the statue is known, is a 6-foot sculpture by artist Marianna Pineda. It was dedicated April 10, 1982, after being cast in Boston and shipped to Hawaiʻi. A similar, smaller (4-foot) statue stands in the courtyard of the Queen Liliʻuokalani Children’s Center in Kalihi.
“The statue is a visual reminder of the trust she (Liliʻuokalani) left and reminds us (of) the work we have to do with Hawaiʻi’s orphans and destitute children.” (Claire Asam, Star Bulletin)
The statue presents the queen simultaneously as a sovereign, staunch nationalist and composer.
In her left hand, she holds three significant documents that represent her accomplishments to multiple constituents: the sheet music for “Aloha ‘Oe”; a page of the 1893 Hawai‘i constitution; and the Kumulipo, the ancient creation chant that she translated into English during her imprisonment in 1895. (Imada)
The Queen’s statue is between the State Capitol and ʻIolani Palace. By being in that particular site, the Queen is not “simply keeping an eye on the Legislature”, but she walks amongst the people. (Manalo-Camp)
She walks free from her imprisonment at ʻIolani Palace, facing Washington Place and her presence on the site of the last major anti-annexation protest site affirms the ties between the people who loved their land and loved their Queen. (Manalo-Camp)
(Marianna Pineda (1925–1996) was an American realist sculptor who was born in Evanston, Illinois. She was married to the sculptor, Harold Tovish.)