Today’s ‘Timeline Tuesday’ takes us through the 1870s –first Kamehameha Day, Reciprocity Agreement, Lili‘uokalani writes Aloha ‘Oe and Iolani Palace is started. We look at what was happening in Hawai‘i during this time period and what else was happening around the rest of the world
La Ho‘o-mana‘o O Kamehameha I (Day in Commemoration of Kamehameha I) was first proclaimed by Kamehameha V as a day to honor his grandfather, Kamehameha I, and was first celebrated on December 11, 1871 (Kamehameha V’s birthday.) It later changed to June 11 – it boils down to having a celebration when the weather is better (6-months from King Kamehameha V’s birthday.) The date does not have any direct connection to Kamehameha I. In 1978 the legislature renamed this holiday King Kamehameha I Day.
On February 14, 1883, the Kamehameha statue was unveiled at Aliʻiōlani Hale during the coronation ceremonies for King Kalākaua (it’s a replica, the original is in Kapa‘au, Kohala – look closely, there is an error in the sash arrangement.) The customary draping of the Kamehameha Statue with lei dates back to 1901. As far as the parade goes, the Mid-Pacific Carnival, held in February as a celebration in honor of Washington’s birthday, held its first Floral Parade in 1906. In 1916, Mid-Pacific Carnival merged into the Kamehameha Day Parade.
He died on his 42nd birthday (December 11, 1830 – December 11, 1872.) He was given the Christian name Lot and the Hawaiian name Kapuāiwa, which means ‘mysterious kapu’ (taboo) or ‘the sacred one protected by supernatural powers.’ December 11, Lot Kapuāiwa celebrated the first Kamehameha Day in 1871 as a day to honor his grandfather (it was Lot’s birthday;) because the weather was better in the summer, it was moved to June 11.
Kamehameha V modeled his leadership after that of his grandfather, Kamehameha I, believing that it was the right and duty of the chiefs to lead the common people. “He was not a fool. He was a wise sovereign; … he was educated & accomplished, & he tried hard to do well for his people, & succeeded. … he dressed plainly, poked about Honolulu, night or day, on his old horse, unattended; he was popular, greatly respected, & even beloved.”
“Day in Commemoration of Kamehameha I,” (La Ho‘o-mana‘o o Kamehameha I) was first celebrated in 1871, on December 11 (Kamehameha V’s birth date.) Because the weather is better in the summer, the decision was made to move the celebration six months earlier (i.e. June 11 – the date has no direct significance to Kamehameha I.)
The 1896 legislature declared it a national holiday. In 1939, Hawaiʻi Revised Statutes under the Territorial Legislature of Hawai‘i created the King Kamehameha Celebration Commission – that law remains in effect, today. In 1978 the legislature renamed this holiday King Kamehameha I Day.
December 11, 1830, Lot Kapuāiwa was born. His mother was Kīnaʻu, the daughter of Kamehameha I (she became the Kuhina nui, in 1832.) His father was Mataio Kekūanāoʻa, a descendent of the Chiefs of the Island of Oʻahu (he was governor of Oʻahu, as well as a member of the House of Nobles and the […]