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Kuapā Pond

Kuapā Pond, also known as Keahupuaomaunalua (“the shrine of the baby mullet at Maunalua”) was once the largest loko kuapā on O‘ahu, estimated at approximately 523-acres. Kuapā Pond was apparently created near the end of the ice age, when the rising sea level caused the shoreline to retreat and partial erosion of the headlands adjacent to the bay formed sediment that accreted to form a barrier beach at the mouth of the pond, creating a lagoon.

Early Hawaiians used the natural lagoon as a fishpond and reinforced the natural sandbar with stone walls. Kuapā literally means “wall of a fish pond” and a loko kuapā is one type of fishpond made by building a wall on a reef. The wall at this fishpond was about 5,000 feet long. One of the main harvests was mullet because the combination of freshwater and shallow sand or mud flats that the ponds created were ideal for growing the algae that mullet fed off of.

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Pahua Heiau

The name Maunalua (two mountains) is said to have been attributed to Ka Lae o Koko, also known as Kuamo‘okāne (today known as Koko Head), and Kohelepelepe (today known as Koko Crater.) Pahua Heiau is one of dozens of recorded archaeological sites and one of four confirmed heiau sites in Maunalua and is one of the most significant sacred sites remaining in Maunalua (now generally known as Hawai‘i Kai) on the southeastern shore of the island of O‘ahu.

Archaeologists suggest that Pahua was once an agricultural heiau, constructed between the fifteenth and eighteenth century, although there are many theories surrounding its traditional usage and function. Some suggest I may be a ko‘a (fishing shrine.) Pahua Heiau was excavated and restored during a volunteer community service project directed by Bertell D Davis with the Outdoor Circle and others in 1985. Pahua heiau sits on land gifted to Office of Hawaiian Affairs by Kamehameha Schools in 1988.

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Joseph Atherton Richards

He was called AR or Atherton Richards; however his full name was Joseph Atherton Richards. Richards was born in the Islands on September 29, 1894 (he died in 1974.) His father, Theodore Richards, came to Hawaiʻi in 1888 to become teacher of the first class to graduate at the Kamehameha Schools and, in 1894, principal of the Kamehameha Schools for five years.

Theodore Richards founded Kokokahi on the windward side of Oʻahu (now a YWCA facility,) a place for people of different races to live together as people of one blood. During WWII, Atherton Richards was one of the top officials serving in the “Economics Branch” discussing “the possibilities of economic warfare organization.” A lasting legacy of Richards is Kahua Ranch in Kohala, Hawai‘i Island.

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