Hawaiians called the hospital and dispensary Hale Ma‘i o ka Wahine Ali‘i (literally, sick house of the lady chief,) or Hale Ma‘i for short. Opening day was August 1, 1859; it was founded by Kamehameha IV and Queen Emma. They called it Queen’s Hospital. “(A) number of persons, resident in Honolulu and other parts of the Kingdom have entered into a voluntary contribution, by subscription, for the purpose of creating a fund, for the erection and establishment of a Hospital at Honolulu, for the relief of indigent sick, and disabled people of the Hawaiian Kingdom, as well as of such foreigners, and others, as may desire to avail themselves of the same …”
Some 250 businesses, groups, and individuals had subscribed $13,530; the king and queen headed the list of subscribers with pledges of $500 each. The following are the initial 10-Trustees who were elected: Benjamin Franklin Snow, Samuel Chenery Damon, Samuel Northrup Castle, Charles Reed Bishop, James Walker Austin, Edwin Oscar Hall, John Thomas Waterhouse, William Arnold Aldrich, William Lowthian Green & Heinrich (Henry) Hackfeld.